As Trump threatens to tighten immigration policies, Indian tech giants are lobbying harder in Washington than before.

In 2017, India’s second-largest IT services company, Infosys, spent $200,000 on lobbying the US Congress, four times more than it did in the previous year, data from non-profit Center for Responsive Politics showed. Wipro, the third-largest in the sector, spent $130,000—five-and-a-half times more than a year ago. The country’s largest IT company, TCS, also increased its spend on lobbying to $110,000 in 2017, up 37%.

An estimated 258 million people currently reside outside their country of birth—a number that has almost tripled in the past 50 years. This has policy implications across myriad dimensions, ranging from border management to labor-market participation and integration.

The McKinsey report, More than numbers: How migration data can deliver real-life benefits for migrants and governments, urges a value-driven approach. Produced by a joint team of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Global Migration Data Analysis Centre and McKinsey, this report illustrates how a strategic focus on and investment in high-quality data can maximize the value of migration and address its challenges.

It describes the value at stake across various dimensions of migration and provides guidance on where to direct investments in data to deliver the outcomes with the greatest impact. An exhibit shows seven examples of how migration data delivers real-life benefits.

These are the examples of how migration data can deliver real-life benefits:

* Recruitment costs are prevalent worldwide. The estimate is limited to labor migrants in 4 Arab Gulf states (Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabi, and the United Arab Emirates) because of limited availability of data on recruitment costs globally.